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Monkey Background

   There are 5 species of monkeys in Thailand:

 1.The stump-tailed macaque has long, thick, dark brown fur covering its body.  Infants are born white and darken as they mature.  As they age, their bright pink or red faces darken to brown or nearly black and lose a lot of their hair. Males are much larger than females. Male stump-tailed macaques canine teeth, which are important for establishing dominance within social groups, are more elongated than those of the females. Like all macaques, this species has cheek pouches to store food for short periods of time.  


 It is generally found in subtropical and tropical broad leaf evergreen forests, in different elevations depending on the amount of rainfall in the area. It is distributed from North-Eastern India and Southern China into the North-West tip of West Malaysia on the Malay Peninsula It is also found in Burma, Thailand, Vietnam, and far Eastern Bangladesh.

     2. The pig tailed  macaque  has olive brown fur, with white under-parts. They have a short, slightly-curled tail. Pigtail macaques get their popular name from their tails, which are short 
andcarried half-erect so that they 

somewhat resemble a pig's tail. Pigtail macaques are found in lowland and hilly primary rainforests and occasionally are found in swamp and secondary forests. Pigtail macaques are highly frugivorous, with 74% of their diet consisting of fruit, but they also consume a wide variety of foods including insects, seeds, young leaves, leaf stems, dirt, and fungus. They are stealthy crop raiders, sneaking silently into a garden one at a time, with one acting as a lookout and calling an alarm vocalization if humans are seen. Pigtail macaques are especially likely to raid crops during rainstorms, when farmers are inside, away from their crops. In some areas of the Malay Peninsula and Thailand farmers keep and train pigtail macaques to retrieve coconuts and fruits from cultivated trees. Pigtail macaques have an average lifespan of about 26 years.


      It is found in the southern half of the Malay Peninsula (only just extending into southernmost Thailand), Borneo, Sumatra and Bangka Island. This omnivorous macaque is mostly found in forest, but will also enter plantations and gardens. It formerly included the northern pig-tailed, Pagai Island, and Siberut macaques as subspecies.

      3. The long-tailed macaque or Crab-eating macaque is a medium species of monkey. The subspecies of long-tailed macaques vary in color from light brown or grayish to brown fur covering their backs, legs, and arms while their undersides are much lighter. Its tail is usually about the same length as its body. Found in the tropical, sub-tropical forests and jungles throughout South-East Asia. They not only prefer to live near water but will often swim in it as well. After a gestation period of 167–193 days, the female gives birth to one infant.




     4. The Assam macaque has yellowish-grey to dark brown pelage. The facial skin is dark brownish to purplish. The head has a dark fringe of hair on the cheeks directed backwards to the ears.The hair on the crown is parted in the middle. Shoulders, head and arms tend to be paler than hindquarters, which are greyish. The tail is well-haired and short. It is an omnivorous animal that feeds on both vegetation, insects and other invertebrates. They prefer mountain, evergreen, bamboo and deciduous dry forest. Assamese macaques feed on fruits, leaves, invertebrates and cereals. The gestation period lasts for 165 days. Assamese Macaques give birth to a single offspring. 



       5. The rhesus macaque is one of the best-known species of Old World monkeys. They are brown or grey in color and have a pink face, which is bereft of fur. Rhesus macaques may be found in grasslands, woodlands and in mountainous regions. Rhesus  macaques are also skilled swimmers and have been observed crossing bodies of water up to one kilometer wide. When they are seen in the water they are usually searching for food, escaping from danger, regulating their body temperature, or playing. Swimming is a skill seen in infants as young as two days old. They are mostly herbivorous feeding on mainly fruit, but also eating seeds, roots, buds, bark, and cereals. 


Healthy diet for monkeys:

       Our monkeys eat vegetables, fruit, taro, worms  and various  insects.  They  also eat  rice  twice  a  day  in  the  morning  and  evening.  Milk, fruit and eggs maybe   a supplemental food at  noon.  Baby corn and banana are monkeys’ favorite foods. Over-or incorrect feeding could cause the monkeys to become fat, slow, and develop bad habits.

       Naturally the monkey  is  one  of  the  most  clever, dynamic  and  knowing  animals so  monkey  trainers  should  train  them  with  patience,  endeavor,  sympathy, mercy and intention.  Through this process the trainer and  monkeys  should  gradually  understand  each  other  and the  monkeys  will  follow  the instructors  orders.



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